“A virtuous thinker is someone who takes risks with his/her reputation.”
– Nassim Nicholas Taleb
Identifying ‘Epoch of Ramayana (10500 BCE – 14500 BCE) was a great achievement.
However, after this, I was stuck, in my research, for a long time. I did not know how to search for an year of any specific Ramayana event from my choice of about 4000 years.
I was looking for a Ramayana observation that had high plausibility of providing a unique instance from a choice of about 4000 years.
There are no guarantees of successes. All we can do is try.
That is what I did.
Laxman describes a comet near nakshatra Mula, as the Vanara army was ready and marching towards Lanka.
Yuddha Kand (GP edition 4:51-52)
नैरृतम् नैरृतानाम् च नक्षत्रम् अभिपीड्यते ||
मूलम् मूलवता स्प्ऱ्ष्टम् धूप्यते धूम केतुना |
सरम् च एतद् विनाशाय राक्षसानाम् उपस्थितम् ||
काले काल गृहीतानाम् नकत्रम् ग्रह पीडितम् |
(Nakshatra Mula of Rakshasas is badly aspected, in that it is touched by a comet risen with a tail of light and tormented by it. It has arrived for the destruction of Rakshasas)
Lo and behold!
A comet fluttered by and was at its brightest and near nakshatra Mula, on 12 September 12209 BCE.
In modern times, it is designated as ‘2P/Encke’.
[These simulations took over 6 months. The key was to identify a comet that was in apparition, and that had unique connection with nakshatra Mula (in some sense that was not predetermined), that also occurred during the Epoch of Ramayana. Frankly there were few other conditions, as predicted by me and as constrained by Valmiki Ramayana narrative, however, I will skip them for the sake of brevity]
Since as far as documented historical evidence goes, Laxman is the first human being who observed it and thus I named the comet: Comet ‘Laxman’.
I tentatively determined 12209 BCE as the year of Rama-Ravan Yuddha.
This was of course only the prediction. Long and arduous corroboration of 500+ astronomy, chronology and seasonal observations awaited.
Oh, wait a minute.
Before the corroboration, I had to make multiple additional predictions
(1) Going backward by ~14 years, 12223 BCE was then the predicted year for Rama leaving for Vanavas and year before that Rama-Sita Wedding
(2) And 16/17 years before Rama-Sita wedding, meant, about ~12240 BCE as the year of Rama- Janma.
(3) And numerous other instances of Ramayana (Khara-Rama fight, Vali-Vadha, Hanuman in Lanka, Rama’s return to Ayodhya, birth of Lava & Kusha and composition of Valmiki’s Ramayana and its setting to the music.
There was an impressive corroboration of 500+ specific observations for specific instances of Ramayana.
I was looking for a needle in a haystack. I did find celestial needle (Comet Laxman) in a ~24000 shlok rich haystack of Valmiki Ramayana.
No other researchers (P V Vartak, SRS, Pushkar Bhatnagar/Saroj Bala or Prafulla Mendki) could corroborate this critical observation of ‘comet near nakshatra Mula’ for their proposed timing of Ramayana.
Added later (on 21 April 2016)
I have no direct access to book of Shri Prafulla Mendki ji and thus my information about his work through his comments on FB, about his works.
He proposed 1 Jan 5649 BCE (Gregorian) as the day of Rama Janma.
He also assumes, erroneously, that Rama was 25 years old when he left for Vanavas.
In any case, keeping his claims consistent, this would mean date when Rama left for Vanavas can be estimated to be around 24 December 5625 BCE (Gregorian) and if we go further by 13-14 years, we can estimate the timing of Rama-Ravana Yuddha to be that of around 5612-5611 BCE (Gregorian).
I simulated skies near nakshatra Mula for this period
and Lo and behold…
Comet Biela can be shown to be near nakshatra Mula (based on RA coordinates) on 3 November 5612 BCE.
Since I do not have access to book of Shri Mendki, I do not know if he is aware of this corroboration. Aware or not, this would, at least tentatively, would qualify as corroboration for his timeline for ‘comet near Mula’ observation of Ramayana.
Only he can (or someone who has read his book) can comment further.
BTW, since Shri Mendki’s timeline falls within 500 years of timeline proposed by Late Shri Pushkar Bhatnagar, my criticism for the seasons of Ramayana descriptions for the timing of Pushkar Bhatnagar, also applies to proposal of Shri Mendki.
Readers may see it here: