Solar months of Ancient Indian Calendar

Shri Phadnis writes… “There is no such thing as a Solar Month in indian calendars. Can Shri. Oak state the names and days of all 12 months and when the first month begins?” My Response… Taittiriya Samhita (Yajurveda) does talk of 12 solar months of Indian calendar. Chaturtha Kanda – Chaturtha Prapathak – 11 (Taittiriya Samhita…

System of Adhika Masa in Mahabharata times

Shri Phadnis writes…. “We have yet to hear from Shri. Oak, what, according to him, was the system of taking adhika masas in mahabharat times, where it is stated in mahabharat or contemporary texts and whether it was accurate.” My Response… What we know (as of now) for the system of Adhika masa in Mahabharata…

Triangulation of Theory-Consequences-Evidence

Shri Phadnis writes… “After a cycle of 58 lunar months, in the normal sequence of Chatra Vaishakh etc, two lunar months, nameless, would follow and the the normal sequence of names would resume from where it was at the end of 58 months. Today also we follow the same method except that we take one…

Intercalary months & consistency of a theory: An Illustration

What we do know: (1) Mahabharata calendar is Luni-solar. (2) Adhika masa (intercalary months) were employed to synchronize Lunar year (~354 days) with solar year (~365 days). (3) Lunar months were named, very much like in our times, e.g. Chaitra, Kartika, Margashirsha, Magha, etc. (4) Researchers have made cases in favor of both (a) Amanta (beginning…