Theory of उपमा (Analogy/similie/Metaphor)

Shri Phadnis writes…

“Ref. 64. The lunar eclipse, if it took place, on 13th day after the solar eclipse had occurred well before the war started as Vyasa mentions it prior to war. On 17th day of war, it was an old story! It is just an Upama although a good one.

I have dealt with the various references which are strictly not astronomical like those from Karna-Krishna dialogue or from Vyasa-Dhritarashtra dialogue. All these are just Upamas. Some match some don’t. Makes no difference really.

Important point is that war started one month after Jyeshthaa Amavasya if you want an Amavasya. In any case it started after the so called second lunar eclipse, on 13th day after the solar one, since Vyasa, before war, has referred to it as an event already taken place. So all checking done by Shri. Oak taking Jyeshthaa Amavasya as first day, needs to be revised! ”

My Response…

In this part, I will focus on comment of Shri Phadnis in bold.

I do recall Shri Phadnis mentioning ‘certain references’ as ‘strictly not astronomical’ from various sections of Mahabharata text.

I would request him to enumerate them in one place, all the references he considers as ‘not strictly astronomical’ but also mention those which he does consider ‘astronomical’. It would allow me and other researchers/readers to understand his argument (and rationale) for such classification.

While I am at a loss at this time to speculate on what such a thing would achieve, it may hold a key to further growth in our knowledge of Mahabharata text.

Let’s call this theory of Shri Phadnis – Theory of उपमा.


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