“If you are not a part of the solution, you are a part of the problem.”
― Eldridge Cleaver
Our reader writes….
“Ref. No. 11 – मघासु अंगारको वक्रः comes in Bhishmaparava just at beginning of war. Actually it happened more than one year before the proposed date of war! By the beginning of war Mars has gone to Shravan. Why is Vyasa referring to an old event and calling it a bad omen? If true, it will be equally true or relevant if 1st day of war was in December. Ref No 13 and 15.
No. 13 is stated by Karna to Krishna, just a few days prior to commencement of war. Actually Mars passed through that part of its journey four months back and by that day had moved on to Shravan. So why is Karna calling it a bad omen for Duryodhan? It would be equally bad then for any different date for 1st date of war. No. 15 is in the speech of Vyasa to Dhritarashtra again at beginning of war. Mars at Shravan, current position, is also described as a bad omen! Maybe, if 1st day of war was some days later, it would still be a bad omen.
These both references cant be considered as corroborating the proposed date.
Ref. No. 11. Translation of श्रवणे च बृहस्पतिः as done by Oak is correct and the Vakri motions of Jupiter are seen. But something strange here! Both the vakri motions of Jupiter, near Shravan, occur much later than 16th Oct. 5561 BC, on 6th April 5560BC and 23 Nov. 5560 BC, not even in the proposed year of war! They have no relevance to the war! How Vyasa is mentioning this at all, at beginning of war? No corroboration of 16th Oct. or 5561BC.”
In this last part, I want to address the remaining issue of meaning of VAKRI (note higlihted areas of reader’s comments above).
I would encourage readers to read my book in the original to comprehend what led me to this discovery, i.e. In Mahabharata astronomy, VAKRI did not mean what we call retrograde motions of the planets, but rather to an oblique motion of the planets across the eclitpic.
Mahabharata astronomy evidence refers to three instances of ‘VAKRI’ motions of planets – twice for Mars (near nakshatra Magha and near nakshatras Jyestha/Anuradha) and once for Jupiter (near nakshatra Shravan).
During 5564 BCE – 5560 BCE time interval, Mars went retrograde near nakshatras Purva & Uttara Phalguni (Nov 5564 BCE – February 5563 BCE) and then near nakshatras Swati/Chitra (Jan-April 5561 BCE).
Jupiter goes retrograde about every 9 months and the retrograde motion lasts for about 4 months.
Confusion of our reader is due to his assumption (reasonable but incorrect, especially if reader is evaluating my theory) of VAKRI=RETROGRADE.
Once that assumption is corrected for VAKRI=Oblique motion of a planet acorss the ecliptic, oblique motions of Mars near nakshtra Magha and also near nakshatra Jyeshtha/Anuradha are corroborated. I want to emphasize that ‘corrboration’ is not a correct word here, since I employed motions of Mars to arrive at my interpretation (new thoery): VAKRI = Oblique motions of planets across the ecliptic.
On the other hand oblique motion of Jupiter near nakshatra Shravan indeed corroborates my theory.
Finally, the million dollar question! If VAKRI is NOT equal to RETROGRADE, then how does Mahabharata text describes these peculiar (RETROGRADE) motions of planets?
Again, I would encourage readers to read my book in the original..
However, in brief,
Mahabharata text describes ‘RETROGRADE’ motions of planets in various ways:
(1) Graha becomong Sthayi (steady/fixed) and becoming bright (e.g. Saturn and Jupiter in the vicinity of nakshtra Vishakha)
(2) Graha becoming ‘Tishthati’ (waiting) in one place (e.g. Shyamo graha (Jupiter?) near nakshatra Jyestha)
(3) Graha moving in non-normal/unusual direction (Upasavya) and becoming bright and becoming ‘Adhishthit’ (firm in one place?) (e.g. Mars near nakshatras Swati/Chitra)
(4) Graha making a Parikrama (traveling in circle) (e.g. Venus near Purva and Uttara Bhadrapada)