Incorrect & Correct VIEW of Scientific Method

The incorrect (widespread and traditionally believed by many to be the way of scientific method) view of scientific method proceeds in the following stages:

(1) Observations and Experiments
(2) Inductive generalizations
(3) Hypothesis (theory)
(4) Attempted verification
(5) Proof or disproof
(6) Knowledge
————
The correct method (as elucidated by Sir Karl Popper) is as follows:

(1) Problem (due to conflict of observation with existing theory or a priori expectations)
(2) Proposed solution (new theory)
(3) Deductions of testable propositions – i.e. consequences of a new theory
(4) Tests – i.e. attempted refutations by observations and experiments. There are other additional criterion that can falsify a new (proposed theory)…e.g. contradiction, conflict, ad-hoc hypotheses that reduces testability of a theory and so on.
(5) Preference established ( A better theory) between competing theories.

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s